Micro management is the key. You'll have to organize your colony into smaller chunks. It needs to be polycentric with the centers being made of residential buildings, entertainment and health facilities.
That's the rule of thumb, but it's not really self-explanatory.
As you can see in this image, the residential towers, lmc's and pubs are always the center and the builings surrounding provide nearly 1100 jobs
, while none of them are more than 20 tiles away
from the center - that's what we are trying to achieve.